Psychology review

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The regimen selected may vary between providers. Your provider can explain why they recommend one particular regimen over another. Brentuximab vedotin is often used psychology review patients whose disease has returned after other treatment regimens.

Other targeted therapies used in the treatment psychology review relapsed or refractory Hodgkin lymphoma include everolimus, nivolumab, and pembrolizumab. Because of the potential risk to fertility associated with chemotherapy medications used to treat Hodgkin lymphoma, discuss fertility preservation options psychology review your healthcare provider before starting treatment. Radiation therapy uses high-energy rays (similar to x-rays), delivered from an external source, to kill cancer cells.

Unlike chemotherapy, which goes everywhere in the body, radiation therapy is a local treatment. It targets small areas. There are two main types of radiation used to treat Hodgkin lymphoma: photon (traditional radiation) and proton therapy. Proton therapy is only available at a certain centers.

You should discuss with your provider which type of radiation therapy is right for you. Radiation therapy has evolved in the last few decades, as concern has grown over the long-term effects of radiation on important organs, like the heart and lungs.

For this reason, when possible, radiation is avoided. In psychology review who need radiation, there is considerable effort made to protect the surrounding healthy tissue.

Advanced radiation techniques and methods, such as IMRT, respiratory gating, breath-holding, and advanced simulation techniques (4D imaging), allow for highly conforming doses. This means the radiation beams are shaped tightly psychology review the tumor and spare surrounding tissue as much as possible. In addition, the area treated has evolved over time. Many radiation oncologists now psychology review to treat psychology review the lymph nodes that are involved and the surrounding areas where the tumor had spread psychology review involved site radiation therapy, ISRT).

This has largely psychology review treating an entire field around the involved lymph nodes (involved field radiation therapy). In the past, even larger fields were treated, including large areas of healthy tissue (called extended field radiation therapy). Radiation therapy typically requires patients to come to a radiation therapy treatment center 5 days a week, for several weeks.

The radiation team will take scans and measurements to determine the number psychology review doses needed and exactly where the radiation beams should be aimed. The treatment takes just a few minutes, and it is painless. You shouldn't feel anything, though you may see some lights on the machines and hear them as they move around. Most radiation providers see patients weekly while they are receiving treatment psychology review monitor for side effects and answer questions.

When this happens, the provider may recommend stem cell transplantation (SCT). Stem cells are precursor cells that can develop into other cells of the body when placed in the right environment. In the case of SCT, aimovig stem cells used are pre-destined to become blood cells (white and red blood cells or platelets).

Stem cell transplant is used psychology review with high doses of chemotherapy. The high doses of chemotherapy are given with the intent to wipe out a person's bone marrow. Without bone marrow, a person can't make the components of psychology review and the immune system that are necessary to survive. In order to replace the patient's bone marrow, stem cells are applied mathematical modelling journal. In the case of an autologous stem cell transplants, a patient's own stem cells are harvested (collected) before psychology review high dose chemotherapy is given.

These cells are psychology review and then finally returned to the patient after the chemotherapy is done. Another option is an allogeneic stem cell transplant, where the stem cells are taken from a donor psychology review cells "match" those of the recipient. These cells are used in the same way, given to the patient after high dose chemotherapy.

In both cases, bone marrow cells can re-grow from the stem cells. This enables a patient to tolerate the high doses of chemotherapy that work against Hodgkin lymphoma but have the unwanted side effect of wiping out healthy bone marrow. Stem cell transplantation can sometimes cure patients when other treatment strategies have failed. Clinical trials are extremely important in furthering our knowledge of this disease.

It is through clinical trials that we know what we do today, and many exciting new therapies are currently being tested.

Talk to your healthcare provider about participating in clinical trials in your area. You can also explore currently open clinical trials using the OncoLink Clinical Trials Matching Service. Once you have been treated for Hodgkin lymphoma, you will be followed closely by your care team. For the first two years after treatment, it is recommended you have a physical exam and complete blood counts every 3-6 months.



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